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Grade 4

Mathematics

Curriculum Overview

Throughout this grade, in order to promote a positive identity as a math learner, to foster well-being and the ability to learn, build resilience, and thrive, students will apply, to the best of their ability, a variety of social-emotional learning skills to support their use of the mathematical processes and their learning in connection with the expectations in the other five strands of the mathematics curriculum. 

To learn about positive motivation, students will use a variety of tools and strategies in spatial sense as they try different non-standard units to measure the area of a table top, adjusting as they go in order to reach a solution. 

The mathematics curriculum is divided into six strands:

  • Social-Emotional Learning (SEL) Skills in Mathematics and the Mathematical Processes

  • Number

  • Algebra

  • Data

  • Spatial Sense

  • Financial Literacy

Interested in learning more? View Curriculum
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Vocabulary

Review this list of vocabulary associated with the curriculum. Practice spelling, research definitions, and find these vocabulary words when engaging with the TVO resources or completing learning activities.

Students should understand and be able to apply these words in context.

  • Number
  • Algebra
  • Data
  • Spatial Sense
  • Financial Literacy

10 000 

algorithms 

decimal numbers 

decimals 

denominator 

divide 

measurements 

multiplication facts 

1 x 1 to 10 x 10 

number 

numerator 

one-digit 

operation 

real-life 

rounding 

tenth 

three-digit 

two-digit 

whole numbers 

algebra 

algebraic statements 

analyze 

classify 

code 

create 

expression 

equation 

equivalent 

geometric designs 

increasing patterns 

mathematical modelling  

modelling process 

nested events 

patterning 

repeating events 

sequential events 

values 

variable 

collect 

create 

data 

data set 

display 

frequency tables 

graph 

impossible 

infographic 

mean 

median 

mode 

multiple-bar  

organize 

qualitative data

quantitative data  

stem-and-leaf plots 

unlikely 

acute angle 

angle 

area 

Cartesian plane 

characteristics 

line of symmetry 

metric system  

obtuse angle 

parallel 

perpendicular side 

properties 

rectangle 

reflection 

relationship 

right angle 

spatial sense 

straight angle 

translations 

units 

consumers 

donating 

earning 

financial literacy 

goods  

good value 

investing  

methods of payment 

price 

saving 

services 

spending  

transactions 

Resources for Learning

Chosen by TVO educators, these resources support the curriculum outlined above. Review the below list of options along with the activities. Then, read, watch, listen or play to build understanding and knowledge.

Complete the suggested activities using these resources and other TVO resources.

Suggested Activities

Complete these activities to consolidate learning across all curriculum strands.

  • Create your own definitions for 20 of the words in the vocabulary list. 

  • Find the length (perimeter) around a room in your house. Round your measurements to the nearest centimeter (cm). Why would you need to know the perimeter of a room? 

  • Design an attractive, colourful poster that includes lines of symmetry, parallel and perpendicular lines. 

  • Go outside and take a photo of 5 things found in nature that show a repeating pattern. Make a collage with the photos. 

  • Estimate the time it will take to travel to another city by car if you drive at the same speed the entire trip. Why will this estimate be different from the real time it will take? 

  • Investigate the cost of an item you wish to buy from 3 different companies. How will you decide which price is the most reasonable or best buy? 

  • Take a tally of your family or friends about their favourite hobby. Design a graph to share the results. What patterns do you notice? 

  • Create a board game that will help you to practice your multiplications facts. 

  • Prove that this algebraic statement is true if n + 3 = 10, then n must be 7. Show how you know. 

  • You have been asked to help assist with a school fundraiser. The school decided to raise money through a walk-a-thon, is this a good fundraiser activity to do. Why or why not? 

  • Ask your family when is their birthday and create an infographic and tell a story about data that you collect and organize. 

  • The rectangles are one of the most common shapes in our everyday life. How many can you find in your kitchen?

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