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Grade 5

Mathematics

Curriculum Overview

Throughout this grade, in order to promote a positive identity as a math learner, to foster well-being and the ability to learn, build resilience, and thrive, students will apply, to the best of their ability, a variety of social-emotional learning skills to support their use of the mathematical processes and their learning in connection with the expectations in the other five strands of the mathematics curriculum. 

Students continue to develop healthy relationship skills while working with numbers. Students play games that involve fractions, decimals and whole numbers. They also learn how to have positive interactions and be patient with others as students take different amounts of time to figure out the answer when it is their turn. 

The mathematics curriculum is divided into six strands:

  • Social-Emotional Learning (SEL) Skills in Mathematics and the Mathematical Processes
  • Number
  • Algebra
  • Data
  • Spatial Sense
  • Financial Literacy

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Vocabulary

Review this list of vocabulary associated with the curriculum. Practice spelling, research definitions, and find these vocabulary words when engaging with the TVO resources or completing learning activities.

Students should understand and be able to apply these words in context.

  • Number
  • Algebra
  • Data
  • Spatial Sense
  • Financial Literacy

100 000 

decimals 

decimal numbers 

denominator 

equivalent 

fractions 

hundredth 

multiplication facts 

0 × 0 to 12 × 12 

number 

operation 

percents 

whole number

algebra 

algebraic equations 

3 + x = 24 – 5 

algebraic expression 

classify  

code 

execute 

growing pattern  

mathematical modelling  

multiplication 

patterns 

rate 

ratio 

shrinking pattern 

data

experimental probability

experiments

good data

graphs

infographics

mean

median

mode

probability

sampling techniques

stacked-bar graph

theoretical probability

angles 

area 

capacity 

convert  

length 

mass 

measure 

measurements 

metric conversion 

metric system 

properties 

protractor 

spatial sense 

triangle 

budget 

calculate 

cash transactions 

cents 

change 

cheques 

credit  

debt 

dollars 

donating 

earning  

e-transfers 

financial literacy 

investing 

mental math 

money 

revenue 

sales tax 

total cost 

transactions 

transfer 

value 

Resources for Learning

Chosen by TVO educators, these resources support the curriculum outlined above. Review the below list of options along with the activities. Then, read, watch, listen or play to build understanding and knowledge.

Complete the suggested activities using these resources and other TVO resources.

Suggested Activities

Complete these activities to consolidate learning across all curriculum strands.

  • Create your own definitions for 20 of the math words in the vocabulary list.

  • Create a monthly budget for yourself and include save, spend, give as the headings in your budget..

  • Use the area model to calculate a 2-digit multiplication question and explain how this connects to using algorithms.

  • Create a story problem that compares the values of 1/3 and 2/8.

  • Next time your family does a take out food order, calculate the total cost. Make sure you include all the taxes. Now compare the taxes with what you pay at the grocery store. What do you notice about the taxes at a restaurant compared to the taxes at the grocery store?

  • Create a design for a school playground and calculate how much the play structures you have chosen would cost.

  • Which is a better value for your money: for example, five apples for $1.00 versus three apples for 75 cents.

  • If two books cost $6, how would you calculate the cost of 8 books? Show how you know.

  • Using graph paper, how many different rectangles can you draw with a perimeter of 12 units? with an area of 12 square units?

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