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Grade 1

Science and Technology

Curriculum Overview

Science is a way of knowing which seeks to describe and explain the natural and physical world. An important part in building scientific and technological literacy is an understanding of the nature of science, which includes an understanding of the following: what scientists, engineers, and technologists do as individuals and as a community, how scientific knowledge is generated and validated. Science addresses what benefits, costs, and risks are involved in using this knowledge and how science interacts with technology, society, and the environment.  

The goals of the science and technology program is to relate science and technology to society and the environment. Science and technology is a subject in which students learn to consider both the knowledge and skills that will help them to understand and consider critically the impact of developments in science and technology on modern society and the environment. 

The science and technology curriculum is divided into four strands:

  • Understanding Life Systems: Needs and Characteristics of Living Things  

  • Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Materials, Objects, and Everyday Structures  

  • Understanding Matter and Energy: Energy in Our Lives  

  • Understanding Earth and Space Systems: Daily and Seasonal Changes  

Interested in learning more? View Curriculum PDF
For French resources, please visit idello.org

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Vocabulary

Review this list of vocabulary associated with the curriculum. Practise spelling, research definitions, and find these vocabulary words when engaging with the TVO resources or completing learning activities.

Students should understand and be able to apply these words in context.

  • Life Systems
    Needs and Characteristics of Living Things
  • Structures and Mechanisms
    Materials, Objects, and Everyday Structures
  • Matter and Energy
    Energy in Our Lives
  • Earth and Space Systems
    Daily and Seasonal Changes

colour 

energy 

environment 

explore 

food 

grow 

investigation 

needs 

reproduce 

sense organs 

size 

shape 

waste 

cloth 

colour 

design 

experiment 

explore 

fastener 

flexible 

foam 

height 

materials 

object 

plastic 

paper 

properties 

purpose 

rigid 

shape 

smooth 

steel 

structure 

texture 

wood 

air 

design 

construct 

earth 

energy 

electricity 

explore 

food 

grow 

investigate 

land 

source 

sun 

survival 

resource 

water 

change 

cycle 

daily 

day 

dormant 

energy 

heat 

hibernate 

investigate 

night 

season 

seasonal 

sun 

survival 

temperature 

Resources for Learning

Chosen by TVO educators, these resources support the curriculum outlined above. Review the below list of options along with the activities. Then, read, watch, listen or play to build understanding and knowledge.

Complete the suggested activities using these resources and other TVO resources.

Suggested Activities

Complete these activities to consolidate learning across all curriculum strands.

  • Make a poster or short speech to explain how showing care and respect for all living things helps to maintain a healthy environment.

  • Make a list and identify the location and function of the major parts of the human body including your sense organs. For example, the lungs are in your chest and they are used for breathing.

  • Make a list or chart of different fasteners (tape, glue, button, zipper) and describe the use for each.

  • Design, build, and test a structure for a specific purpose (for example, a tent, a model of a swing set, a bird feeder, a wigwam)

  • Design and construct a device that uses energy to perform a task (for example, a kite that uses wind, an instrument that uses human energy to make sounds).

  • How does your family use electricity at home? How can you reduce energy consumption?

  • Investigate the amount of change in heat from the sun throughout the day. Draw a diagram or explain using pictures you find. How does this affect your daily routine?

  • Investigate the amount of change in heat from the sun throughout the year. Draw a diagram or explain using pictures you find. How do you adapt to these changes?

  • Create your own definitions for 20 of the words in the vocabulary list.

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