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Grade 6

Mathematics

Curriculum Overview

Throughout this grade, in order to promote a positive identity as a math learner, to foster well-being and the ability to learn, build resilience, and thrive, students will apply, to the best of their ability, a variety of social-emotional learning skills to support their use of the mathematical processes and their learning in connection with the expectations in the other five strands of the mathematics curriculum. 

Students identify and learn to manage emotions that they may feel such as pride, confusion, fear and excitement. For example, in algebra as they create and execute code that represents a mathematical situation. Multiplication is introduced using rows and columns, and students are expected to know x 2, x 5 and x 10. 

The expectations in the mathematics curriculum are organized into six distinct but related strands:

  • Social-Emotional Learning (SEL) Skills in Mathematics and the Mathematical Processes
  • Number
  • Algebra
  • Data
  • Spatial Sense
  • Financial Literacy

Interested in learning more? View Curriculum PDF
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Vocabulary

Review this list of vocabulary associated with the curriculum. Practice spelling, research definitions, and find these vocabulary words when engaging with the TVO resources or completing learning activities.

Students should understand and be able to apply these words in context.

  • Number
  • Algebra
  • Data
  • Spatial Sense
  • Financial Literacy

decimals 

divisibility rules for 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, & 10 

fractions 

integers (-2, -1, 0, 1, 2) 

mixed number (2½) 

number 

one million 

operation 

whole number 

algebra 

algebraic equations 

algebraic expressions 

code 

constant rate 

decimal tenths 

given perimeter 

mathematical modelling 

maximum area 

multiple terms 

optimization 

patterns

broken-line graphs  

continuous data 

data 

discrete data

angles 

area 

calculate 

convert 

four-sided shapes 

measure 

metric system 

spatial sense 

surface area 

three-dimensional structures 

unit 

advantages 

banks 

borrowing 

disadvantages 

distribute resources 

donating 

factors 

fees 

financial goals 

financial institutions 

financial literacy 

goods and services 

interest rates 

lending 

methods of payment 

trading 

Resources for Learning

Chosen by TVO educators, these resources support the curriculum outlined above. Review the below list of options along with the activities. Then, read, watch, listen or play to build understanding and knowledge.

Complete the suggested activities using these resources and other TVO resources.

Suggested Activities

Complete these activities to consolidate learning across all curriculum strands.

  • Create your own definitions for 20 of the math words in the vocabulary list.
  • Find several different ways to maximize the play area in a playground design and calculate the costs of each.
  • Describe the characteristics and properties of different kinds of quadrilateral shapes and find their areas.
  • Build three-dimensional structures and calculate surface area.
  • Convert from one unit to another in the metric system.
  • Investigate different types of financial goals, identify and describe factors that could affect these goals, and outline steps to achieve them.
  • Explain the concept of interest rates and identify interest rates and fees charged by banks and other financial institutions.
  • Describe how trading, lending, borrowing and donating are different ways to distribute resources.

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