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Grade 7

History and Geography

Curriculum Overview

In history, students examine social, political, economic, and legal changes in Canada between 1713 and 1850. They explore the experiences and challenges facing different groups, including First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities. Students will investigate different perspectives on issues in eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century Canada, including issues associated with the shift in European imperial powers and its impact. Students will learn about various groups which existed in colonial Canada and how they were affected by the conflicts and changes which characterized this period. Applying the concept of historical thinking to their study of Canadian history will lead students to deeper and more meaningful explorations of life in colonial Canada.  

In geography, students explore opportunities and challenges presented by the physical environment and the ways in which people around the world have responded to them. They will examine the relationship between Earth’s physical features and the distribution and use of natural resources while exploring ways of preserving global resources. Students will extract and analyse information from a variety of sources, including maps, graphs, photographs, digital representations, and geographic information systems. 

The history and geography curriculum is divided into 2 strands each:  

  • History:
    New France and British North America, 1713-1800
    Canada, 1800-1850: Conflict and Challenges
  • Geography:
    Physical Patterns in a Changing World
    Natural Resources around the World: Use and Sustainability

Interested in learning more? View Curriculum PDF
For French resources, please visit idello.org

On this page:

Vocabulary

Review this list of vocabulary associated with the curriculum. Practice spelling, research definitions, and find these vocabulary words when engaging with the TVO resources or completing learning activities.

Students should understand and be able to apply these words in context.

  • History
    New France and British North America, 1713-1800 Canada,
    1800-1850: Conflict and Challenges 
  • Geography
    Physical Patterns in a Changing World
    Natural Resources around the World: Use and Sustainability 

authority 

beliefs 

Canadian history 

colonial Canada 

communities 

economic 

equity 

European 

First Nations 

freedom 

imperial powers 

identity 

Indigenous 

Inuit 

legal 

Métis 

political 

power 

relationships 

social 

values 

adaptation

aerodynamics

compress

drag

force

glide

lift

mass

propel

thrust

weight

Resources for Learning

Chosen by TVO educators, these resources support the curriculum outlined above. Review the below list of options along with the activities. Then, read, watch, listen or play to build understanding and knowledge.

Complete the suggested activities using these resources and other TVO resources.

Suggested Activities

Complete these activities to consolidate learning across all curriculum strands.

  • Write a reflection on how Indigenous peoples have kept their traditions alive and why Idle No More is a reaction to Canada's past.
  • Think-pair-share how French speaking communities were affected in British North America and compare and contrast ;their experiences with French speaking communities today using the article as a source of data.
  • What are both accomplishments and failures or Sir John A Macdonald? Write a short list of each, using evidence from the resources.
  • Make a song or poem about how you think climate change will impact the Earth 100 years from now.
  • Create a speech on how Canada is affected by the extraction of non-renewable resources and show your understanding by citing the video.
  • Create a mind-map of how the people of the Amazon have been affected by the water systems.
  • Create your own definitions for 20 of the words in the vocabulary list.

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