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Grade 7

History and Geography

How to Use These Resources

TVO Learn is designed to meet each student where they are on their learning journey. Learning Activities are comprehensive and require guided instruction from an adult, while Resources for Learning, Apply the Learning prompts and Vocabulary lists work well to reinforce specific skills or to enable independent exploration of a subject. Use these helpful tips to get the most from TVO Learn.

Curriculum Overview

In history, students examine social, political, economic, and legal changes in Canada between 1713 and 1850. They explore the experiences and challenges facing different groups, including First Nations, Métis, and Inuit communities. Students will investigate different perspectives on issues in eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century Canada, including issues associated with the shift in European imperial powers and its impact. Students will learn about various groups which existed in colonial Canada and how they were affected by the conflicts and changes which characterized this period. Applying the concept of historical thinking to their study of Canadian history will lead students to deeper and more meaningful explorations of life in colonial Canada.  

In geography, students explore opportunities and challenges presented by the physical environment and the ways in which people around the world have responded to them. They will examine the relationship between Earth’s physical features and the distribution and use of natural resources while exploring ways of preserving global resources. Students will extract and analyse information from a variety of sources, including maps, graphs, photographs, digital representations, and geographic information systems. 

The history and geography curriculum is divided into 2 strands each:  

  • History:
    New France and British North America, 1713-1800
    Canada, 1800-1850: Conflict and Challenges
  • Geography:
    Physical Patterns in a Changing World
    Natural Resources around the World: Use and Sustainability

Interested in learning more? View Curriculum PDF
For French resources, please visit idello.org

Learning Activities

Learning Activities provide opportunity for deeper exploration of a subject. Organized by grade and topic (or strand), students should be guided through each Learning Activity by an adult. Before clicking on a topic to prepare for or begin this guided instruction, be sure to read these helpful tips about how to get the most out of TVO Learn.

Please note: To access the learning activities, visit this page with a computer or tablet.

Resources for Learning

Chosen by TVO educators, these resources support the curriculum outlined above. Review the below list of options along with the activities. Then, read, watch, listen or play to build understanding and knowledge.

Complete the suggested activities using these resources and other TVO resources.

Apply the Learning

Choose from the following to consolidate learning across all curriculum strands.

  • Write a reflection on how Indigenous peoples have kept their traditions alive and why Idle No More is a reaction to Canada's past.
  • Think-pair-share how French speaking communities were affected in British North America and compare and contrast ;their experiences with French speaking communities today using the article as a source of data.
  • What are both accomplishments and failures or Sir John A Macdonald? Write a short list of each, using evidence from the resources.
  • Make a song or poem about how you think climate change will impact the Earth 100 years from now.
  • Create a speech on how Canada is affected by the extraction of non-renewable resources and show your understanding by citing the video.
  • Create a mind-map of how the people of the Amazon have been affected by the water systems.
  • Create your own definitions for 20 of the words in the vocabulary list.


Review this list of vocabulary associated with the curriculum. Practice spelling, research definitions, and find these vocabulary words when engaging with the TVO resources or completing learning activities.

Students should understand and be able to apply these words in context.



Canadian history 

colonial Canada 





First Nations 


imperial powers 






















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