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Grade 7

Science and Technology

Curriculum Overview

Science is a way of knowing which seeks to describe and explain the natural and physical world. An important part in building scientific and technological literacy is an understanding of the nature of science, which includes an understanding of the following: what scientists, engineers, and technologists do as individuals and as a community how scientific knowledge is generated and validated. As well, what benefits, costs, and risks are involved in using this knowledge and how science interacts with technology, society, and the environment.  

The science and technology curriculum is divided into four strands:

  • Understanding Life Systems: Interactions in the Environment  
  • Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Form and Function
  • Understanding Matter and Energy: Pure Substances and Mixtures
  • Understanding Earth and Space Systems: Heat in the Environment

Interested in learning more? View Curriculum PDF
For French resources, please visit idello.org

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Vocabulary

Review this list of vocabulary associated with the curriculum. Practice spelling, research definitions, and find these vocabulary words when engaging with the TVO resources or completing learning activities.

Students should understand and be able to apply these words in context.

  • Life Systems
    Interactions in the Environment 
  • Structures and Mechanisms
    Form and Function
  • Matter and Energy
    Pure Substances and Mixtures
  • Earth and Space Systems
    Heat in the Environment

abiotic  

adaptations

biodegradable  

biome  

biosphere  

biotic  

carnivore 

community 

consumer 

decomposer ecosystem  

food chain  

food web  

habitat  

herbivore

micro-organism

population 

producer  

species 

succession

boiling point 

condensation 

contraction  

convection 

conduction 

evaporation 

expansion  

heat  

heat capacity  

insulator  

particle theory radiation  

sublimation solidification  

water cycle  

temperature  

thermometer  

thermostat  

vapourization  

concentrated  

dilute  

dissolve  

distillation  

filtration homogeneous heterogeneous insoluble manufactured products  

mechanical mixture  

particle theory pollutant  

pure substance  

raw material saturated  

soluble  

solute  

solution 

solvent  

unsaturated  

WHMIS symbols  

bedrock  

continental 

drift core  

crust  

deposit  

erosion  

horizons  

humus  

igneous  

magma  

mantle  

metamorphic 

minerals  

sediment  

sedimentary subduction  

tectonic plate 

topsoil  

volcano  

weathering  

Resources for Learning

Chosen by TVO educators, these resources support the curriculum outlined above. Review the below list of options along with the activities. Then, read, watch, listen or play to build understanding and knowledge.

Complete the suggested activities using these resources and other TVO resources.

Suggested Activities

Complete these activities to consolidate learning across all curriculum strands.

  • Using a graphic organizer (table, chart. etc), outlining your ideas about how the Great Lakes Ecosystem is in peril.
  • Craft your own news story about the environment and act it out as a skit.
  • Research how female Canadian scientists are helping the climate change situation and produce a one-page report summarizing your findings.
  • Write a reflection on how your understanding of trash has changed and then, make a poster on how to properly dispose of pure substances and mixtures.
  • Write a reflection on how your understanding of trash has changed and then, make a poster on how to properly dispose of pure substances and mixtures.
  • How have alternative forms of energy changed since the 1990s? What impacts can be observed today? Write a short simulated blog post on your thoughts.
  • Create your own definitions for 20 of the words in the vocabulary list.

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