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Grade 8

Science and Technology

Curriculum Overview

Science is a way of knowing which seeks to describe and explain the natural and physical world. An important part in building scientific and technological literacy is an understanding of the nature of science, which includes an understanding of the following: what scientists, engineers, and technologists do as individuals and as a community how scientific knowledge is generated and validated. As well, what benefits, costs, and risks are involved in using this knowledge and how science interacts with technology, society, and the environment.

The science and technology curriculum is divided into four strands:

  • Understanding Life Systems: Cells
  • Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Systems in Action
  • Understanding Matter and Energy: Fluids
  • Understanding Earth and Space Systems: Water Systems

Interested in learning more? View Curriculum PDF
For French resources, please visit idello.org

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Vocabulary

Review this list of vocabulary associated with the curriculum. Practice spelling, research definitions, and find these vocabulary words when engaging with the TVO resources or completing learning activities.

Students should understand and be able to apply these words in context.

  • Life Systems
    Cells
  • Structures and Mechanisms
    Systems in Action
  • Matter and Energy
    Fluids
  • Earth and Space Systems
    Water Systems

bacteria

cell membrane

cell reproduction

cell specialization

cell wall

chloroplast

chromosomes

concentration

cytoplasm

diffusion

gradient

magnification

micro-organism

multi-cellular

nucleus

organ system

organism

organelles

osmosis

permeable membrane

square root

tissue

unicellular

block and tackle

efficiency

effort force

force

friction

fulcrum

gear

gear ratio

hydraulic

lever

linkage

load force

machine

mechanical advantage mechanism

piston

pneumatic

pressure

pulley

velocity

velocity ratio

wheel and axle

Archimedes' Principle

Bernoulli's Principle

buoyant

force

compression

density

fair test

flow rate

fluid

fluid mechanics

gas

hydraulic devices

hydraulics

hydrometer incompressibility

laminar flow

liquid

particle theory

pneumatic devices

pneumatics pressure

viscosity

atmosphere

climate

continental divide ecosystems

fresh water

geological features glacier

groundwater

Great Lakes

marine

ocean currents

polar ice caps precipitation

salinity

salt water

sustainability

tides

water cycle

water table

watershed

Resources for Learning

Chosen by TVO educators, these resources support the curriculum outlined above. Review the below list of options along with the activities. Then, read, watch, listen or play to build understanding and knowledge.

Complete the suggested activities using these resources and other TVO resources.

Suggested Activities

Complete these activities to consolidate learning across all curriculum strands.

  • Write a point and counterpoint list using a graphic organizer (chart, table, etc.) about transit needs in your area.
  • Edit a movie trailer using the concept of at-home DNA testing.
  • Make a podcast discussing lab-grown meats.
  • Design and create your own tinfoil boat, test it out in a sink and see what it can hold.
  • Track your own water consumption over a week and record your observations.
  • Make a poster that highlights the water emergency in Attawapiskat.
  • Create your own definitions for 20 of the words in the vocabulary list.

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